aktiv oder passiv?

  • ist der satz aktiv oder passiv? :Yesterday Jon killed anna with a knife


    ist des aktiv oder passiv.brauche schnelle antwort! danke :D

  • Active: when the main person is doing something: I GO, he WORKS
    Passive: when the main person is in a particular situation: She WAS KILLED


    REGULAR:
    base form: kill (I); past simple: killed (II); past participle: killed (III)


    Active: Yesterday John KILLED Anna with a knife - killed=> past simple(II) :::: Gestern hat John Anna getötet.
    Passive: Yesterday Anna WAS KILLED with a knife BY John - was=> past simple (II); killed=> past partciple :::: Gestern wurde Anna von John getötet.


    IRREGULAR:
    base form: give (I); past simple: gave (II); past participle: given (III)
    Active: Mary GAVE me a book. :::: Mary hat mir ein Buch gegeben.
    Passive: I WAS GIVEN a book BY Mary ::: Ich wurde ein Buch von Mary gegeben.


    A few examples:


    PRESENT:
    NOW: This house is being built by workers.
    IN GENERAL: Houses are built by workers.


    PAST SIMPLE:
    Houses were built by workers.


    PRSESNT PERFECT:
    Houses have been built by workers.



    PrC: I'm taking ::: I'm being taken (!!!! I'm taking =/= I'm being taken!!!! I'm taking = I'm taking something; I'm being taken = someone's taking me!!)
    PrS: I take ::: I'm taken
    PrP: I've taken ::: I've been taken
    PrPC: I've been taking ::: I've been being taken
    PsS: I took ::: I was taken
    PsP: I'd taken ::: I'd been taken
    and so on...


    Sorry for my poor German ;(;(

  • Hah, the post above I was me - I've forgot to sign my post :| ;P
    Cheers :)

  • Normalerweise ist im Passiven Satz ein "by" (nicht immer, aber oft)
    also beispielsweise
    Yesterday Anna was killed by Jon.


    Wenn das Subjekt selbst handelt (hier Jon) dann ist es ein aktiver Satz.
    Wenn mit dem Objekt (hier Anna) etwas geschieht, dann ist es ein aktiver Satz.


    Anna was killes -> PASSIV
    Jon killed Anna -> AKTIV